BJP turns up the heat on the Congress government in Madhya Pradesh, asks CM Kamal Nath to prove majority

News Snippets

  • Sensex above 39300 and Nifty crosses 11800 as investors get richer by Rs 5.33 lakhs in a day as punters are buoyed by the exit poll predictions
  • After hectic parleys in Delhi, Chandrababu Naidu visits Kolkata to sound out Mamata Banerjee in case there is a hung parliament
  • Mamata Banerjee says exit polls are "gossip" and the Centre will manipulate EVMs
  • Exit polls predict between 11 and 16 seats for the BJP in West Bengal
  • Congress says exit polls are bunkum, the country is in for a surprise on May 23rd
  • Exit polls predict clear majority for NDA
  • Congress says it will not insist on the PM's post if opposition gets close to the half-way mark
  • Pragya Thakur says Godse was a patriot, retracts after rebuke from party
  • Modi offer to rebuild Vidyasagar statue in Kolkata, Mamata rejects offer, saying BJP alms are not required
  • Delhi HC says #MeToo can't be allowed to become a "sullying you too" campaign.
  • National Consumer Disputes Redressal Commission (NCDRC) says homebuyers can seek refund if flat is delayed by more than one year
  • AFSPA might be lifted in Assam
  • Two climbers missing and two critical from an expedition tp scale Mount Kanchenjunga
  • Monsoon likely to be delayed by 5 days, to arrive on June 6
  • Supreme Court questions Bengal government over the delay in releasing BJP activist who posted a morphed image of Mamata Banerjee on her FB page
acid_reflux
Heartburn – Distressing And Damaging

By India Commentary

About the Author

By our team of in-house writers.

Heartburn is distressing – and damaging too. It can turn a gastronomical delight into a night-long ordeal. How is it caused? The esophagus is separated from the stomach by a muscular ring called the lower esophageal sphincter (LES). The LES works like a gate, relaxing the muscle to allow passage of food to the stomach when you swallow. It later tightens to prevent food and acidic juices from the stomach from flowing back into the esophagus. But when the LES starts to malfunction (due to various reasons, of which we talk later in the article), it allows contents from the stomach to rise up to the esophagus and cause heartburn, sometimes accompanied by acidic juices that come into the mouth.

The LES sometimes relaxes out of turn or is weakened by various factors and doesn’t close as tightly as it should, especially in people suffering from gastroesophageal reflux disease or GERD, commonly known as acid reflux. The muscles in the LES are controlled by various hormones and nerves. Hence, eating habits, drug reactions and conditions such as anxiety or anger can cause it to malfunction, leading one to experience acid reflux or if one is already suffering, then worsening the condition.

Foods such as coffee, tea and other caffeine-laced drinks loosen the LES and cause gastric acid production. Chocolates and mints relax the LES while fatty foods and fries cause heartburn. Some people get it from citrus fruits while others say they get it from onions and garlic. It is best to curtail and if possible, avoid the consumption of such food. Then, allowing a big gap between meals or skipping some meals to have a heavy meal later also increases the chances of acid reflux. Lying down immediately after a meal should always be avoided. Smoking is also a contributor as one swallows air while sucking on a cancer stick.

Drugs such as oral contraceptives or those containing progesterone are known culprits. Aspirin and other nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) such as ibuprofen and naproxen can irritate the stomach lining. Drugs such as alendronate can irritate the esophagus. In addition, antidepressants, bronchodilators, tranquilizers, and calcium-channel blockers can contribute to reflux by relaxing the LES.

The burning sensation you feel with heartburn is caused by the stomach acid harming the lining of the esophagus. Repeated exposure of stomach acid to the lining of the esophagus can cause a condition known as esophagitis. Symptoms of esophagitis may include pain, difficulty swallowing, and more acid regurgitation. Heartburn can lead to gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), Barrett's Esophagus and, in a very small number of individuals, esophageal cancer.