oppn parties Heartburn - Distressing And Damaging

News Snippets

  • Flipkart assures employees that there will be no job or salary cuts due to the COVID-19 pandemic
  • Although it was obvious, but the government still clarifies that there is no need to switch off appliances and only lights need to be switched off on April 5 at 9pm after confusion in the minds of some people
  • PM Modi and President Trump decide "to deploy full strength of (Indo-US) partnership" to fight against COVID-19
  • 17 states have reported 1023 cases of coronavirus linked to the Tablighi Jamaat, which translates to 30% of all positive cases in India
  • The government says people should not use alcohol-based hand sanitizers before lighting diyas or candles on April 5
  • The railways say there is no certainty yet when services will resume after the lockdown and a final decision will be taken in the next few days
  • As coronavirus cases multiply in Assam, six north-east states seal their borders with the state
  • Power System Operation Corporation Ltd. (POCOSO) putting all systems and protocols in place at war-footing to ensure there is no grid failure due to reduction in demand on April 5 at 9 pm
  • Power ministry scotches rumours that the power grid might fail due to the 9-minute blackout called by PM Modi on Sunday, April 5
  • Centre asks people to wear home-made masks if it is absolutely essential for them to step out of homes
  • Centre asks states to allow licensed street vendors to sell essential items
  • 8000 samples were tested across India on April 2, but the government said that testing will be need-based and will not be used as a confidence-boosting measure
  • Air India operating special flights to fly passengers stuck in India since the lockdown
  • For the first time in history, Darjeeling loses first flush tea due to suspension of garden work for Covid-19 outbreak
  • Supreme Court asks journalists to be responsible and publish only the official version of news after it was brought to its notice that migrant exodus started after the 'fake' news that the lockdown will be extended to three months
Total count stands ar 3082 as India records 16 Covid-19 deaths, the highest in a single day
oppn parties
Heartburn - Distressing And Damaging

By admin
First publised on 2019-03-12 20:29:15

About the Author

Sunil Garodia By our team of in-house writers.
Heartburn is distressing – and damaging too. It can turn a gastronomical delight into a night-long ordeal. How is it caused? The esophagus is separated from the stomach by a muscular ring called the lower esophageal sphincter (LES). The LES works like a gate, relaxing the muscle to allow passage of food to the stomach when you swallow. It later tightens to prevent food and acidic juices from the stomach from flowing back into the esophagus. But when the LES starts to malfunction (due to various reasons, of which we talk later in the article), it allows contents from the stomach to rise up to the esophagus and cause heartburn, sometimes accompanied by acidic juices that come into the mouth.

The LES sometimes relaxes out of turn or is weakened by various factors and doesn’t close as tightly as it should, especially in people suffering from gastroesophageal reflux disease or GERD, commonly known as acid reflux. The muscles in the LES are controlled by various hormones and nerves. Hence, eating habits, drug reactions and conditions such as anxiety or anger can cause it to malfunction, leading one to experience acid reflux or if one is already suffering, then worsening the condition.

Foods such as coffee, tea and other caffeine-laced drinks loosen the LES and cause gastric acid production. Chocolates and mints relax the LES while fatty foods and fries cause heartburn. Some people get it from citrus fruits while others say they get it from onions and garlic. It is best to curtail and if possible, avoid the consumption of such food. Then, allowing a big gap between meals or skipping some meals to have a heavy meal later also increases the chances of acid reflux. Lying down immediately after a meal should always be avoided. Smoking is also a contributor as one swallows air while sucking on a cancer stick.

Drugs such as oral contraceptives or those containing progesterone are known culprits. Aspirin and other nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) such as ibuprofen and naproxen can irritate the stomach lining. Drugs such as alendronate can irritate the esophagus. In addition, antidepressants, bronchodilators, tranquilizers, and calcium-channel blockers can contribute to reflux by relaxing the LES.

The burning sensation you feel with heartburn is caused by the stomach acid harming the lining of the esophagus. Repeated exposure of stomach acid to the lining of the esophagus can cause a condition known as esophagitis. Symptoms of esophagitis may include pain, difficulty swallowing, and more acid regurgitation. Heartburn can lead to gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), Barrett's Esophagus and, in a very small number of individuals, esophageal cancer.