oppn parties Naga Accord: Too Early to be Happy

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  • Amit Shah says the government will identify and deport illegal immigrants from all parts of the country
  • Reports from Pakistan confirm that Hafiz Saeed has been arrested and sent to jail
  • After the SC order, Karnataka Speaker says he will go by the Constitution in deciding on the resignations of the 16 MLAs
  • Rebel MLAs say they will not attend the trust vote on Thursday
  • Supreme Court rules that rebel MLAs cannot be forced to attend the assembly and vote in the floor test
  • Both the Centre and the Assam government have sought re-verification of up to 20% of draft NRC data
  • Pakistan opens its airspace for Indian planes
  • Dilapidated building collapses in Mumbai, killing more than 10 people while many were still trapped
  • Kulbhushan Jadhav case verdict to be delivered today by the ICJ
  • A Vistara flight landed in Lucknow with just 5 to 10 minutes of fuel left in the tank
  • Supreme Court to decide on Karnataka MLAs plea today
  • Karnataka alliance to face floor test on Thursday
  • China says that the next Dalai Lama will be appointed by it
  • Pakistan assures India that no anti-India activity would be allowed in the Kartarpur corridor
  • Pakistan to allow visa-free access to 5000 pilgrims every day to undertake pilgrimage using the Kartarpur corridor
ISRO calls-off Chandrayaan-2 mission launch at last moment due to technical snags. revised date will be announced later
oppn parties
Naga Accord: Too Early to be Happy

By Sunil Garodia

About the Author

Sunil Garodia Editor-in-Chief of indiacommentary.com. Current Affairs analyst and political commentator. Writes for a number of publications.
The signing of the peace accord between the government and the NSCN (IM) is a welcome move. But it is too early for the government to go into a self-congratulatory mode. As this is just a “framework agreement” the details are not yet known. Further, the history of such agreements shows that very often, they are not implemented on the ground. The Naga insurgency has been around since before the independence. Several attempts to break the deadlock have failed.

There have been several reasons for this. Two most dominant reasons are: multiplicity of rebel groups and unreasonable demands each of these groups bring up.

Although NSCN (IM) is the biggest such rebel group, it is neither the only one nor the most potent one. The attack on the Indian armed forces by NSCN (Khaplang) faction showed that there are other groups who have better striking capacity and more dangerously, operate from across the international border. Hence, any agreement that fails to involve these groups is unlikely to bring peace to the battered region. Having said this, a beginning has to be made somewhere. So, smoking the peace pipe with NSCN (IM) is a good move. It will fructify only when minute details are factored in and implemented well on the ground. Simultaneously, the government must initiate efforts to bring the other rebel groups to the table.

Then, the rebels must be made to understand that any concessions given to them must be within the broad framework of the Indian constitution. Their insistence on Naga ‘sovereignty’ and integration of several areas in other states within a ‘Greater Nagaland’ is something that has the potential of throwing the whole of the North-East into turmoil. Peace cannot be brought to one state by disturbing the tranquility of six other states.

The government had sent out a signal when it entered Myanmar and liquidated most of the rebels involved in the attack on the armed forces. That is the correct way. Show the rebels that the Indian state is not soft. Invite them to the negotiating table. Make them understand the limits to which their demands can be met. Seal an agreement with the maximum possible groups. Go after and liquidate the rest. Then, give some attention and develop the region. Create infrastructure. Establish industries. Create job opportunities. Let the youth take pride in remaining and working in Nagaland. A ‘greater Nagaland’ can only happen when it is a ‘proud’ and ‘prosperous’ Nagaland.