Is Double Counting Creating Bank Deposit Confusion?There is a lot of confusion regarding how much money, in the form of banned currency notes, has come back in the banking system. The RBI yesterday said that close to Rs 11.5 lakh crore had been swapped till Dec 6. Even the Revenue Secretary, Hasmukh Adhia, is reported to have said that the entire currency is likely to come back. But the SBI begs to differ.It says that the figure might have been misreported due to double counting.
By Sunil Garodia
Research by SBI has discovered a big mistake in its banned currency notes data reporting. The bank said that it gets interbank deposits, has accounts of post offices that are also authorized to take banned currency notes and has not factored in deposits of new currency notes which have started coming in while reporting deposit data. This has led to double counting in some cases and hence the Rs 11.5 lakh crore figure is inflated.
This, the bank feels, might skew the figure negatively by 15 to 20%. If this is correct, then the total actual deposit might be in the range of Rs 9.2 to Rs 9.78 lakh crore. This is a huge gap of nearly Rs 2 lakh crore and can make a big difference. If we take the deposits as a trend and visualize that it will continue till Dec 30 in the same manner and the whole of Rs 15 lakh crore is reported as deposited, there will be a gap of nearly Rs 3 lakh crore due to the double counting effect. This means that a huge amount of old currency is likely to be extinguished, as per earlier expectations.
Although the RBI has clearly stated that the RBIs liability will not be extinguished by merely pulling out notes from circulation and there will be no special dividend of the amount to the government, the mere fact that such a big amount will be scrapped and not be payable anymore will give a huge boost to the fight against black money. It will also achieve one of the initially stated objectives of demonetization.